Posts tagged 18th century history
Posts tagged 18th century history
'The Martyrdom of Louis XVI King of France : I forgive my enemies, I die innocent!!!' (1793) Isaac Cruikshank
No internet at work today, so I’ll have to reblog a few excellent political prints. Thanks to geisterseher and celiashits. I’ll get an ECF original up on Thursday for sure.
A printer’s ornament featuring a library; the flourishes are more grand than the shelves of books, but I adore this print. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the first “lending library” mentioned in print was in 1595. Between the mid-1600s and “the end of the eighteenth century, over two hundred endowed libraries are known to have been established in England alone, and existed due to the private library collections of individual benefactors or occasionally to multiple benefactors,” according to Wikipedia.
To learn more about people’s need to read in the 18th century, see the following Eighteenth-Century Fiction articles, which are free to read in the journal’s online library [archive]:
Reading Pride and Prejudice
Author: Patricia Howell Michaelson
Portrait of Confucious, frontispiece to vol. 1 of J.-B. Du Halde (1674-1743), The General History of China: containing a geographical, historical, chronological, political and physical description of the empire of China, Chinese-Tartary, Corea and Thibet; including an exact and particular account of their customs, manners, ceremonies, religion, arts and sciences; the whole adorn’d with curious maps, and variety of copper-plates (London: J. Watts, 1741), 3rd ed. corr.
I really cannot get enough of 18th-century travel literature, in case you haven’t already noticed. The engravings in so many of these large format travel books are positively magnificent.
For more travel literature of the 18th century, and how various cultures around the world influenced each other in that era of circumnavigation, read the following Eighteenth-Century Fiction articles for free at the journal archive:
Princess Louisa & Princess Caroline
The youngest daughters of Frederick, Prince of Wales: Princess Louisa (Blue) and Princess Caroline (Yellow), by Francis Cotes circa 1767 (via KikiA19)
Adding some colour to the Tumblr this week with a few reblogs from other excellent 18th-century feeds.
Eighteenth-Century Fiction journal: archives free to read, with a two-year moving wall, at http://digitalcommons.mcmaster.ca/ecf/vol23/iss2/
On vacation today, so doing a little re-blogging here on the ECF Tumblr.
Jean-Baptiste Greuze (1725-1805), La Dévideuse.
This book reminds me of how much fun I used to have reading through encyclopedias and illustrated dictionaries when I was a child: yes, I was that kid. The illustrations of various trades and occupations are remarkably detailed for their small size and woodcut print technology.
To learn more about 18th-century trades, see the special issue of the journal Eighteenth-Century Fiction entitled "Trades/Le Négoce."
A young woman learns about generating electricity in this engraving entitled “A New Electrical Machine for the Table,” from Benjamin Martin (1705-82), The Young Gentleman and Lady’s Philosophy, in a continued survey of the works of nature and art; by way of dialogue. … Illustrated by … copper-plates. The second edition corrected, vol. 1 (London: W. Owen, 1772). I love how science and philosophy were all mixed together in this period, with practitioners called “philosophers” well into the nineteenth century, when the term “scientist” was coined and brought into general usage.
For more about women and science/philosophy in the 18th century, read the following Eighteenth-Century Fiction articles:
I adore the more luscious printers’ ornaments, overflowing with peonies in the first example and several types of fruit in the second. Not many engravers signed their ornament work, but Caron was proud of his illustration in the second image, signing his name among the leaves. I’m back at work this week, but have to catch up on all the journal business, so only a brief rumination for this post.
Learn more about 18th-century print culture by reading for free online the special issue of Eighteenth-Century Fiction called "Fiction and Print Culture":
People of the 18th-century leisure class knew how to entertain themselves. Painting offered hours of “heureusement,” for both the artist and the sitters. An evening filled with musical diversions was typical following supper in a wealthy household. Looks like the painter in the top image has a critic leaning over his shoulder (an early version of a troll?), and the woman at the harpsichord has a rather ardent fan leaning on her chair (let’s hope he’s just reading the sheet music so he can sing along).
To learn more about leisure time in the 18th century, see the following Eighteenth-Century Fiction articles:
And remember to submit your manuscript for consideration, for “The Senses of Humour”; call for articles here