Eighteenth-Century Fiction journal

Eighteenth-Century Fiction, a McMaster University journal

Posts tagged satire

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I could easily fill this Tumblr with Hogarth engravings: so many of them are overflowing with narrative and brimming with sarcasm. I find them a great delight! The Company of Undertakers by William Hogarth (1697-1764) was issued in 1736. This early print is likely from the original engraving and is reproduced here courtesy of McMaster University Library. The people portrayed in this image are doctors and “quacks,” labelled “undertakers” based on the too-often result of their ministrations to those people suffering from illness. At the time this satirical illustration was created, the word “undertaker” carried the weight of several meanings (according to the Oxford English Dictionary), all reinforcing the irony of using it as a label for these “physicks” and doctors: “One who aids or assists; a helper.” “One who engages in the serious study of a subject or science.” “One who acts as security or surety for another.” as well as the funeral arranger.
For more on doctors, the practice of medicine, and funerals, read the following Eighteenth-Century Fiction articles:
Last Rites, Last Rights: Corporeal Abjection as Autobiographical Performance in Suzanne Curchod Necker’s Des inhumations précipitées (1790)Author: Sonja Boon
The Body Inside the Skin: The Medical Model of Character in the Eighteenth-Century NovelAuthor: Juliet McMaster
Conversion, Seduction, and Medicine in Smollett’s Ferdinand Count FathomAuthor: John McAllister
Biography as Autopsy in William Godwin’s Memoirs of the Author of ‘A Vindication of the Rights of Woman’Author: Angela Monsam

I could easily fill this Tumblr with Hogarth engravings: so many of them are overflowing with narrative and brimming with sarcasm. I find them a great delight! The Company of Undertakers by William Hogarth (1697-1764) was issued in 1736. This early print is likely from the original engraving and is reproduced here courtesy of McMaster University Library. The people portrayed in this image are doctors and “quacks,” labelled “undertakers” based on the too-often result of their ministrations to those people suffering from illness. At the time this satirical illustration was created, the word “undertaker” carried the weight of several meanings (according to the Oxford English Dictionary), all reinforcing the irony of using it as a label for these “physicks” and doctors: “One who aids or assists; a helper.” “One who engages in the serious study of a subject or science.” “One who acts as security or surety for another.” as well as the funeral arranger.

For more on doctors, the practice of medicine, and funerals, read the following Eighteenth-Century Fiction articles:

Last Rites, Last Rights: Corporeal Abjection as Autobiographical Performance in Suzanne Curchod Necker’s Des inhumations précipitées (1790)
Author: Sonja Boon

The Body Inside the Skin: The Medical Model of Character in the Eighteenth-Century Novel
Author: Juliet McMaster

Conversion, Seduction, and Medicine in Smollett’s Ferdinand Count Fathom
Author: John McAllister

Biography as Autopsy in William Godwin’s Memoirs of the Author of ‘A Vindication of the Rights of Woman’
Author: Angela Monsam

Filed under William Hogarth undertakers 18th-century engraving engravings etchings satire Eighteenth-Century Fiction 18th-century history medicine funerals medical history

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Feminism or hooliganism? This image can inspire so many interpretations. I would rather stick with the most obvious reading: a bunch of people enjoying the snow. Except, the older fellow getting pelted with snowballs is definitely having no fun at that moment in this caricature. The January before this engraving was published in May 1794, Scotland suffered through an exceptional snowstorm that killed more than 1,800 sheep, several people, and many other animals. Perhaps the magnitude of that weather event stuck in the artist’s mind when he was drawing this satirical depiction of his “Old Buck,” in the balmy spring of 1794.
For more on feminism in eighteenth-century literature and culture, see the following Eighteenth-Century Fiction articles:

Rereading the Patriarchal Text: The Female Quixote, Northanger Abbey, and the Trace of the Absent MotherAuthor: Debra MalinaTheodicy versus Feminist Strategy in Mary Wollstonecraft’s FictionAuthor: Daniel Robinson'Turning the World Upside Down': Madness, Moral Management, and Frances Burney's The WandererAuthor: Justine Crump"No place where women are of such importance": Female Friendship, Empire, and Utopia in The History of Emily MontagueAuthor: Jodi L. WyettThe Political Novel and the Seduction Plot: Thomas Holcroft’s Anna St. IvesAuthor: Katherine BinhammerGothic Origins: New Primary ScholarshipAuthor: Michael Gamer

Defoe’s Alternative Conduct Manual: Survival Strategies and Female Networks in Moll FlandersAuthor: Srividhya Swaminathan

Feminism or hooliganism? This image can inspire so many interpretations. I would rather stick with the most obvious reading: a bunch of people enjoying the snow. Except, the older fellow getting pelted with snowballs is definitely having no fun at that moment in this caricature. The January before this engraving was published in May 1794, Scotland suffered through an exceptional snowstorm that killed more than 1,800 sheep, several people, and many other animals. Perhaps the magnitude of that weather event stuck in the artist’s mind when he was drawing this satirical depiction of his “Old Buck,” in the balmy spring of 1794.

For more on feminism in eighteenth-century literature and culture, see the following Eighteenth-Century Fiction articles:

Defoe’s Alternative Conduct Manual: Survival Strategies and Female Networks in Moll Flanders
Author: Srividhya Swaminathan

Filed under 18th Century feminism snowballs Eighteenth-Century Fiction 18th-century literature satire caricature prints eighteenth century

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"Fashion Police," the 1796-99 edition. Plate 122 from Joseph Strutt, A Complete View of the Dress and Habits of the People of England 2 vols. (London, 1796-99), pokes fun at women’s elaborate headdresses in previous centuries. [You must know that I’m actually posting this image for the harp-playing pig on stilts!]
For more on satire, fashion, and consumption, read the following Eighteenth-Century Fiction articles:
'The Tinsel of the Times': Smollett's Argument against Conspicuous Consumption in Humphry ClinkerAuthor: Susan L. Jacobsen
Rags of Immortality: Clarissas Clothing and the Exchange of Second-Hand GoodsAuthor: Irene Fizer
'The Muses O’lio’: Satire, Food, and Tobias Smollett’s The Expedition of Humphry ClinkerAuthor: Nicholas D. Smith
Consuming Indians: Tsonnonthouan, Colonialism, and the Commodification of CultureAuthor: Robbie J. Richardson
Maria Edgeworth’s Déjà-Voodoo: Interior Decoration, Retroactivity, and Colonial Allegory in ‘The AbsenteeAuthor: Clara Tuite
Mourning and Material Culture in Eliza Haywood’s The History of Miss Betsy ThoughtlessAuthor: Kelly McGuire
Britannia’s Rule and the It-NarratorAuthor: Aileen Douglas

"Fashion Police," the 1796-99 edition. Plate 122 from Joseph Strutt, A Complete View of the Dress and Habits of the People of England 2 vols. (London, 1796-99), pokes fun at women’s elaborate headdresses in previous centuries. [You must know that I’m actually posting this image for the harp-playing pig on stilts!]

For more on satire, fashion, and consumption, read the following Eighteenth-Century Fiction articles:

'The Tinsel of the Times': Smollett's Argument against Conspicuous Consumption in Humphry Clinker
Author: Susan L. Jacobsen

Rags of Immortality: Clarissas Clothing and the Exchange of Second-Hand Goods
Author: Irene Fizer

'The Muses O’lio’: Satire, Food, and Tobias Smollett’s The Expedition of Humphry Clinker
Author: Nicholas D. Smith

Consuming Indians: Tsonnonthouan, Colonialism, and the Commodification of Culture
Author: Robbie J. Richardson

Maria Edgeworth’s Déjà-Voodoo: Interior Decoration, Retroactivity, and Colonial Allegory in ‘The Absentee
Author: Clara Tuite

Mourning and Material Culture in Eliza Haywood’s The History of Miss Betsy Thoughtless
Author: Kelly McGuire

Britannia’s Rule and the It-Narrator
Author: Aileen Douglas

Filed under eighteenth century fashion headdresses 18th-century literature Eighteenth-Century Fiction 18th Century satire consumption